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American Chemical Society

Division of the History of Chemistry

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Citations for Chemical Breakthrough Awards

2006 Awardees

NOTE: Text in COLOR indicates a "live" link.

Scientists/Inventors Breakthrough Publication
(If text is in color, this is a live link to the plaque.)
Location of Award
(If text is in color, this is a live link to photographs
and other materials related to the presentation.)
M. Gomberg “An Instance of Trivalent Carbon: Triphenylmethyl”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1900, 22, 757-771.
University of Michigan
G. N. Lewis “The Atom and the Molecule”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1916, 38, 762-785.
University of California, Berkeley
E. O. Lawrence “Method and Apparatus for the Acceleration of Ions”
U.S. Patent 1,948,384 (20 February 1934),
assignor to Research Corporation, New York, NY.
University of California, Berkeley
A. O. Beckman and H. E. Fracker “Apparatus for Testing Acidity”
U.S. Patent 2,058,761 (27 October 1936),
assignors to National Technical Laboratories, Pasadena, CA.
Beckman Coulter
L. Pauling The Nature of the Chemical Bond
Cornell University Press, 1939.
California Institute of Technology
R. J. Plunkett “Tetrafluoroethylene Polymers”
U.S. Patent 2,230,654 (4 February 1941),
assignor to Kinetic Chemicals, Inc. of Wilmington, DE.
DuPont
H. F. Fisher, E. C. Conn, B. Vennesland,
and F. H. Westheimer
“The Enzymatic Transfer of Hydrogen.
I. The Reaction Catalyzed by Alcohol Dehydrogenase”

J. Biol. Chem. 1953, 202, 687-697.
The University of Chicago
B. Merrifield “Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis. I. The Synthesis of a Tetrapeptide”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1963, 85, 2149-2154.
The Rockefeller University
R. B. Woodward and R. Hoffmann “Stereochemistry of Electrocyclic Reactions”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1965, 87, 395-397.
Harvard University
M. J. Molina and F. S. Rowland “Stratospheric Sink for Chlorofluoromethanes:
Chlorine Atom-Catalysed Destruction of Ozone”

Nature 1974, 249, 810-812.
University of California, Irvine