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Citations for Chemical Breakthrough Awards

All Awardees Sorted by Name of Award Winner

NOTE: The YEARS in column 1 (text in BLUE) indicate a "live" link back to the individual Award Year table.
Additional supporting information on each award can be found at these individual award year tables.

Year of Award Name Sort Field Scientists/Inventors Breakthrough Publication Location of Award
2008 Adams R. Adams (Senior Editor) First volume of Organic Reactions, John Wiley, 1942 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
2011 Alder O. Diels and K. Alder “Synthesen in der hydroaromatischen Reihe,”
Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie, 1928, 460, 98 - 122.
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
2016 Anderson E. C. Anderson, W. F. Libby, S. Weinhouse, A. F. Reid, A. D. Kirshenbaum, and A. Grosse “Radiocarbon from Cosmic Radiation,” Science 1947, 105, 576-577. The University of Chicago
2009 Anfinsen M. Sela, F. H. White, Jr., and
C. B. Anfinsen
“Reductive Cleavage of Disulfide Bridges in Ribonuclease,”
Science 1957, 125, 691-692.
National Institutes of Health
2013 Avery O. T. Avery, C. M. MacLeod, and M. McCarty “Studies on the Chemical Nature of the Substance Inducing Transformation of Pneumoccal Types,”
Proceedings of the Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1944, 79, 137-159.
The Rockefeller University
2011 Avogadro A. Avogadro “D'UNE MANIÈRE DE DÈTERMINER LES MASSES RELATIVES
DES MOLÉCULES ÉLÉMENTAIRES DES CORPS, ET LES PROPORTIONS
SELON LESQUELLES ELLES ENTRENT DANS CES COMBINAISONS,”
Journal de Physique, 1811, 73, 58 - 76.
Liceo Scientifico “A. Avogadro” Vercelli
2014 Bartlett N. Bartlett “Xenon Hexafluoroplatinate(V) Xe+[PtF6]-,”
Proceedings of the Chemical Society, 1962, 6, 218.
The University of British Columbia
2007 Barton D. H. R. Barton “The Conformation of the Steroid Nucelus,”
Experientia, 1950, 6, 316-320.
Harvard University
2006 Beckman A. O. Beckman and Henry E. Fracker “Apparatus for Testing Acidity” U.S. Patent 2,058,761 (27 October 1936),
assignors to National Technical Laboratories, Pasadena, CA.
Beckman Coulter
2015 Bémont P. Curie, M. Curie, and G. Bémont “Sur une nouvelle substance fortement radioactive, contenue dans lapechblende,” Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 1898 (26 December), vol. 127, pp. 1215-1217. ESPCI ParisTech (officially the école supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielles de la ville de Paris; The City of Paris Industrial Physics and Chemistry Higher Educational Institution)
2015 Berthollet Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Claude-Louis Berthollet, and Antoine-François de Fourcroy “Méthode de Nomenclature Chimique,” chez Cuchet (sous le Privilège de l'Académie des Nomenclature Chimique), Paris, France, 1787. Académie des Sciences (Paris)
2008 Binnig G. Binnig and H. Rohrer “Scanning Tunneling Microscope,”
U.S. Patent 4,343,993 (10 August 1982),
assignors to International Business Machines Corporation.
IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon, Switzerland
2017 Branson Linus Pauling, Robert B. Corey, and H.R. Branson “The Structure of Proteins: Two Hydrogen-Bonded Helical Configurations of the Polypeptide Chain,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 1951, 37, 205-2011 California Institute of Technology
2007 Brickwedde H. C. Urey, F. G. Brickwedde, and G. M. Murphy “A Hydrogen Isotope of Mass 2,”
Phys. Rev.
1932, 39, 164-165.
Columbia University and National Bureau of Standards
2008 Brown H. C. Brown and B. C. S. Rao “A New Technique for the Conversion of Olefins
into Organoboranes and Related Alcohols,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1956, 78, 5694-5695.
Purdue University
2015 Bunn D. Crowfoot, C. W. Bunn, B. W. Rogers-Low, A. Turner Jones “The X-ray Crystallographic Investigation of the Structure of Penicillin,” in H.T. Clarke, J.R. Johnson, R. Robinson (editors), Chemistry of Penicillin, Princeton University Press, Chapter XI, pp. 310-366, 1949. Oxford University
2011 Cannizzaro S. Cannizzaro “Lettera del Prof. Stanislao Cannizzaro,”
Nuovo Cimento, 1858, 7, 321-366.
Università degli Studi di Genova
2007 Carlsmith J. D. Roberts, H. E. Simmons, Jr., L. A. Carlsmith,
and C. W. Vaughn
“Rearrangement in the Reaction of Chlorobenzene-1-C14
with Potassium Amide,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1953, 75, 3290-3291.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2006 Conn H. F. Fisher, E. C. Conn, B. Vennesland,
and F. H. Westheimer
“The Enzymatic Transfer of Hydrogen.
I. The Reaction Catalyzed by Alcohol Dehydrogenase”
J. Biol. Chem. 1953, 202, 687-697.
The University of Chicago
2017 Corey Linus Pauling, Robert B. Corey, and H.R. Branson “The Structure of Proteins: Two Hydrogen-Bonded Helical Configurations of the Polypeptide Chain,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 1951, 37, 205-2011 California Institute of Technology
2016 Coulson F. Sanger, S. Nicklen, A. R. Coulson “DNA Sequencing with Chain-Terminating Inhibitors,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 1977, 74, 5463-5467. Medical Research Council, Cambridge, England
2007 Crick J. D. Watson and F. H. Crick “Molecular Structure Of Nucleic Acids,
A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid,”
Nature, 1953, 171, 737-738.
Medical Research Council, Cambridge
2015 Crowfoot D. Crowfoot, C. W. Bunn, B. W. Rogers-Low, A. Turner Jones “The X-ray Crystallographic Investigation of the Structure of Penicillin,” in H.T. Clarke, J.R. Johnson, R. Robinson (editors), Chemistry of Penicillin, Princeton University Press, Chapter XI, pp. 310-366, 1949. Oxford University
2015 Curie, M. P. Curie, M. Curie, and G. Bémont “Sur une nouvelle substance fortement radioactive, contenue dans lapechblende,” Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 1898 (26 December), vol. 127, pp. 1215-1217. ESPCI ParisTech (officially the école supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielles de la ville de Paris; The City of Paris Industrial Physics and Chemistry Higher Educational Institution)
2015 Curie, P. P. Curie, M. Curie, and G. Bémont “Sur une nouvelle substance fortement radioactive, contenue dans lapechblende,” Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 1898 (26 December), vol. 127, pp. 1215-1217. ESPCI ParisTech (officially the école supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielles de la ville de Paris; The City of Paris Industrial Physics and Chemistry Higher Educational Institution)
2015 Curl H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O'Brien, R. F. Curl, and R. E. Smalley “C60: Buckminsterfullerene,” Nature 1985, 318, 162-163. Rice University
2011 Diels O. Diels and K. Alder “Synthesen in der hydroaromatischen Reihe,”
Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie, 1928, 460, 98 - 122.
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
2017 Erlich R. K. Saiki, K. B. Mullis, H. A. Erlich “Enzymatic Amplification of β-globin Genomic Sequences and Restriction Site Analysis for Diagnosis of Sickle Cell Anemia,” Science 1985, 230, 1350-1354 Cetus Corporation sold to Chiron Corporation in 1991. Chiron was acquired by Novartis International in 2006.
2014 Fisher, E. E. Fischer “Ueber die Configuration des Traubenzuckers und seiner Isomeren,”
Chemische Berichte, 1891, 24, 1836-1845.
University of Würzburg
2006 Fisher, H. F. H. F. Fisher, E. C. Conn, B. Vennesland,
and F. H. Westheimer
“The Enzymatic Transfer of Hydrogen.
I. The Reaction Catalyzed by Alcohol Dehydrogenase”
J. Biol. Chem. 1953, 202, 687-697.
The University of Chicago
2015 Fourcroy Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Claude-Louis Berthollet, and Antoine-François de Fourcroy “Méthode de Nomenclature Chimique,” chez Cuchet (sous le Privilège de l'Académie des Nomenclature Chimique), Paris, France, 1787. Académie des Sciences (Paris)
2006 Fracker A. O. Beckman and H. E. Fracker “Apparatus for Testing Acidity” U.S. Patent 2,058,761 (27 October 1936),
assignors to National Technical Laboratories, Pasadena, CA.
Beckman Coulter
2015 Frankland E. Frankland “On a New Series of Organic Bodies containing Metals,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 1852, 142, 417-444. The University of Manchester
2017 Gilbert A. Maxam and W. Gilbert “A new method for sequencing DNA,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 1977, 74, 560-564 Harvard University
2006 Gomberg M. Gomberg “An Instance of Trivalent Carbon: Triphenylmethyl” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1900, 22, 757-771. University of Michigan
2010 Grignard V. Grignard “Sur quelques nouvelles combinaisons organomètalliques
du magnèsium et leur application à des synthèses d' alcools
et a'hydrocarbures,”
Comptes Rendus 1900, 130, 1322 - 1324.
University of Lyon
2016 Grosse E. C. Anderson, W. F. Libby, S. Weinhouse, A. F. Reid, A. D. Kirshenbaum, and A. Grosse “Radiocarbon from Cosmic Radiation,” Science 1947, 105, 576-577. The University of Chicago
2016 Gutowsky H. Gutowsky, D. W. McCall, and C. P. Slichter “Coupling among Nuclear Magnetic Dipoles in Molecules,” Physical Review, 1951, 84, 589-590. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
2008 Hall C. M. Hall “Process of Reducing Aluminium by Electrolysis”
US Patent 400,766 (April 2, 1889)
Oberlin College and Oberlin Heritage Center
2015 Heath H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O'Brien, RF. Curl, and R. E. Smalley “C60: Buckminsterfullerene,” Nature 1985, 318, 162-163. Rice University
2010 Henery-Logan J. C. Sheehan and K. R. Henery-Logan “The Total Synthesis of Penicillin V,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1957, 79, 1262 - 1263.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2006 Hoffmann R. B. Woodward and R. Hoffmann “Stereochemistry of Electrocyclic Reactions”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1965, 87, 395-397.
Harvard University
2017 James A. T. James and A. J. P. Martin “Gas-Liquid Chromatography: A Technique for the Analysis and Identification of Volatile Materials,” Brit. Med. Bulletin 1954, 10 (3), 170-176 National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill which became the Frick Crick Institute in 2016
2008 Jardine J. A. Osborn, F. M. Jardine, J. F. Young
and G. Wilkinson
“The preparation and properties of
tris(triphenylphosphine)halogeno-rhodium(I) and some
reactions thereof including catalytic homogeneous
hydrogenation of olefins and acetylenes and their derivatives”
J. Chem. Soc. (A) 1966, 1711-1732.
Imperial College London
2015 Jones D. Crowfoot, C. W. Bunn, B. W. Rogers-Low, A. Turner Jones “The X-ray Crystallographic Investigation of the Structure of Penicillin,” in H.T. Clarke, J.R. Johnson, R. Robinson (editors), Chemistry of Penicillin, Princeton University Press, Chapter XI, pp. 310-366, 1949. Oxford University
2008 Katsuki T. Katsuki and K. B. Sharpless “The First Practical Method for Asymmetric Epoxidation,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1980, 102, 5974-5976.
Stanford University
2016 Kirshenbaum E. C. Anderson, W. F. Libby, S. Weinhouse, A. F. Reid, A. D. Kirshenbaum, and A. Grosse “Radiocarbon from Cosmic Radiation,” Science 1947, 105, 576-577. The University of Chicago
2015 Kroto H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O'Brien, R. F. Curl, and R. E. Smalley “C60: Buckminsterfullerene,” Nature 1985, 318, 162-163. Rice University
2007 Lauterbur P. C. Lauterbur “Image Formation by Local Interactions:
Examples Employing Nuclear Magnetic Resonance,”
Nature 1973, 242, 190-191.
SUNY at Stony Brook
2015 Lavoisier Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Claude-Louis Berthollet, and Antoine-François de Fourcroy “Méthode de Nomenclature Chimique,” chez Cuchet (sous le Privilège de l'Académie des Nomenclature Chimique), Paris, France, 1787. Académie des Sciences (Paris)
2006 Lawrence E. O. Lawrence “Method and Apparatus for the Acceleration of Ions”
U.S. Patent 1,948,384 (20 February 1934),
assignor to Research Corporation, New York, NY.
University of California, Berkeley
2006 Lewis G. N. Lewis “The Atom and the Molecule” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1916, 38, 762-785. University of California, Berkeley
2011 Lewis G. N. Lewis and M. Randall “Thermodynamics and The Free Energy of Chemical Substances,”
1923.
University of California, Berkeley
2016 Libby E. C. Anderson, W. F. Libby, S. Weinhouse, A. F. Reid, A. D. Kirshenbaum, and A. Grosse “Radiocarbon from Cosmic Radiation,” Science 1947, 105, 576-577. The University of Chicago
2013 MacLeod O. T. Avery, C. M. MacLeod, and M. McCarty “Studies on the Chemical Nature of the Stubstnace Inducing Transformation of Pneumoccal Types,”
Proceedings of the Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1944, 79, 137-159.
The Rockefeller University
2016 McCall H. Gutowsky, D. W. McCall, and C. P. Slichter “Coupling among Nuclear Magnetic Dipoles in Molecules,” Physical Review, 1951, 84, 589-590. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
2013 McCarty O. T. Avery, C. M. MacLeod, and M. McCarty “Studies on the Chemical Nature of the Stubstnace Inducing Transformation of Pneumoccal Types,”
Proceedings of the Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1944, 79, 137-159.
The Rockefeller University
2017 Martin A. T. James and A. J. P. Martin “Gas-Liquid Chromatography: A Technique for the Analysis and Identification of Volatile Materials,” Brit. Med. Bulletin 1954, 10 (3), 170-176 National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill which became the Frick Crick Institute in 2016
2017 Maxam A. Maxam and W. Gilbert “A new method for sequencing DNA,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 1977, 74, 560-564 Harvard University
2012 Mendelejeff D. Mendelejeff “Ueber die Beziehungen der Eigenschaften zu den Atomgewichten der elemente,”
Zeitschrift für Chemie, 1869, 12, 405 - 406.
Saint Petersburg State University
2014 Menten L. Michaelis and M. L. Menten “Die Kinetik der Invertinwirkung,”
Biochemische Zeitschrift, 1913, 49, 333-369.
Vivantes Klinikum Am Urban, Berlin
2006 Merrifield B. Merrifield “Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis. I. The Synthesis of a Tetrapeptide”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1963, 85, 2149-2154.
Rockefeller University
2013 Meselson M. Messelson and F. W. Stahl “The Replication of DNA in Escherichia Coli,”
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1958, 44, 671-682.
California Institute of Technology
2014 Michaelis L. Michaelis and M. L. Menten “Die Kinetik der Invertinwirkung,”
Biochemische Zeitschrift, 1913, 49, 333-369.
Vivantes Klinikum Am Urban, Berlin
2009 Miller S. L. Miller “A Production of Amino Acids Under Possible Primitive Earth Conditions,”
Science 1953, 117, 528-529.
The University of Chicago
2006 Molina M. J. Molina and F. S. Rowland “Stratospheric Sink for Chlorofluoromethanes:
Chlorine Atom-Catalysed Destruction of Ozone”
Nature 1974, 249, 810-812.
University of California, Irvine
2015 Morveau Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Claude-Louis Berthollet, and Antoine-François de Fourcroy “Méthode de Nomenclature Chimique,” chez Cuchet (sous le Privilège de l'Académie des Nomenclature Chimique), Paris, France, 1787. Académie des Sciences (Paris)
2017 Mullis R. K. Saiki, K. B. Mullis, H. A. Erlich “Enzymatic Amplification of β-globin Genomic Sequences and Restriction Site Analysis for Diagnosis of Sickle Cell Anemia,” Science 1985, 230, 1350-1354 Cetus Corporation sold to Chiron Corporation in 1991. Chiron was acquired by Novartis International in 2006.
2007 Murphy H. C. Urey, F. G. Brickwedde, and G. M. Murphy “A Hydrogen Isotope of Mass 2,”
Phys. Rev.
1932, 39, 164-165.
Columbia University and National Bureau of Standards
2016 Nicklen F. Sanger, S. Nicklen, A. R. Coulson “DNA Sequencing with Chain-Terminating Inhibitors,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 1977, 74, 5463-5467. Medical Research Council, Cambridge, England
2015 O'Brien H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O'Brien, R. F. Curl, and R. E. Smalley “C60: Buckminsterfullerene,” Nature 1985, 318, 162-163. Rice University
2008 Osborn J. A. Osborn, F. M. Jardine, J. F. Young
and G. Wilkinson
“The preparation and properties of
tris(triphenylphosphine)halogeno-rhodium(I) and some
reactions thereof including catalytic homogeneous
hydrogenation of olefins and acetylenes and their derivatives”
J. Chem. Soc. (A) 1966, 1711-1732.
Imperial College London
2012 Pasteur L. Pasteur “Mémoire sur la relation qui peut exister entre la forme cristalline de la composition
chimique, et sur la cause de la polarisation rotatoire,”
Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 1848, 26, 535 - 538.
École normale supérieure, Paris
2006 Pauling L. Pauling The Nature of the Chemical Bond
Cornell University Press, 1939.
California Institute of Technology
2017 Pauling Linus Pauling, Robert B. Corey, and H.R. Branson “The Structure of Proteins: Two Hydrogen-Bonded Helical Configurations of the Polypeptide Chain,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 1951, 37, 205-2011 California Institute of Technology
2009 Pearson R. G. Pearson “Hard and Soft Acids and Bases,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1983, 85, 3533-3539.
Northwestern University
2016 Pfaundler L. Pfaundler “Beitrag zur Chemischen Statik,” (Poggendorff) Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 1867, 131, 55-85. Universität Innsbruck, Austria
2006 Plunkett R. J. Plunkett “Tetrafluoroethylene Polymers” U.S. Patent 2,230,654 (4 February 1941),
assignor to Kinetic Chemicals, Inc. of Wilmington, DE.
DuPont
2009 Pound E. M. Purcell, H. C. Torry,
and R. V. Pound
“Resonance Absorption by Nuclear Magnetic Moments in a Solid,”
Phys. Rev. 1946, 69, 37-38.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University
2009 Purcell E. M. Purcell, H. C. Torry,
and R. V. Pound
“Resonance Absorption by Nuclear Magnetic Moments in a Solid,”
Phys. Rev. 1946, 69, 37-38.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University
2011 Randall G. N. Lewis and M. Randall “Thermodynamics and The Free Energy of Chemical Substances,”
1923.
University of California, Berkeley
2008 Rao H. C. Brown and B. C. S. Rao “A New Technique for the Conversion of Olefins
into Organoboranes and Related Alcohols,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1956, 78, 5694-5695.
Purdue University
2016 Reid E. C. Anderson, W. F. Libby, S. Weinhouse, A. F. Reid, A. D. Kirshenbaum, and A. Grosse “Radiocarbon from Cosmic Radiation,” Science 1947, 105, 576-577. The University of Chicago
2007 Roberts J. D. Roberts, H. E. Simmons, Jr., L. A. Carlsmith,
and C. W. Vaughn
“Rearrangement in the Reaction of Chlorobenzene-1-C14
with Potassium Amide,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1953, 75, 3290-3291.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2011 Robinson R. Robinson “LXIII. - A Synthesis of Tropinone,”
Journal of the Chemical Society, 1917, 762 - 768.
University of Liverpool
2015 Rogers-Low D. Crowfoot, C. W. Bunn, B. W. Rogers-Low, A. Turner Jones “The X-ray Crystallographic Investigation of the Structure of Penicillin,” in H.T. Clarke, J.R. Johnson, R. Robinson (editors), Chemistry of Penicillin, Princeton University Press, Chapter XI, pp. 310-366, 1949. Oxford University
2008 Rohrer G. Binnig and H. Rohrer “Scanning Tunneling Microscope,”
U.S. Patent 4,343,993 (10 August 1982),
assignors to International Business Machines Corporation.
IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon, Switzerland
2006 Rowland M. J. Molina and F. S. Rowland “Stratospheric Sink for Chlorofluoromethanes:
Chlorine Atom-Catalysed Destruction of Ozone”
Nature 1974, 249, 810-812.
University of California, Irvine
2012 Rutherford E. Rutherford “LXXIX. The Scattering of α and β Particles by Matter and the Structure of the Atom,”
Philosophical Magazine, 1911, 21 [Series 6], 669 - 688.
University of Manchester
2017 Saiki R. K. Saiki, K. B. Mullis, H. A. Erlich “Enzymatic Amplification of β-globin Genomic Sequences and Restriction Site Analysis for Diagnosis of Sickle Cell Anemia,” Science 1985, 230, 1350-1354 Cetus Corporation sold to Chiron Corporation in 1991. Chiron was acquired by Novartis International in 2006.
2016 Sanger F. Sanger, S. Nicklen, A. R. Coulson “DNA Sequencing with Chain-Terminating Inhibitors,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 1977, 74, 5463-5467. Medical Research Council, Cambridge, England
2009 Sela M. Sela, F. H. White, Jr., and
C. B. Anfinsen
“Reductive Cleavage of Disulfide Bridges in Ribonuclease,”
Science 1957, 125, 691-692.
National Institutes of Health
2008 Sharpless T. Katsuki and K. B. Sharpless “The First Practical Method for Asymmetric Epoxidation,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1980, 102, 5974-5976.
Stanford University
2010 Sheehan J. C. Sheehan and K. R. Henery-Logan “The Total Synthesis of Penicillin V,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1957, 79, 1262 - 1263.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2007 Simmons J. D. Roberts, H. E. Simmons, Jr., L. A. Carlsmith,
and C. W. Vaughn
“Rearrangement in the Reaction of Chlorobenzene-1-C14
with Potassium Amide,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1953, 75, 3290-3291.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2013 Sinin N. Sinin “Beschreibung einiger neuer organischer Basen, dargestellt durch die Einwirkung des
Schwefelwasserstoffe auf Versindungen der Kohlenwasserstoffe mit Untersalpetersäure,”
Bulletin Scientifique publié par l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg, 1842, 10, 273-285.
Kazan Federal University
2016 Slichter H. Gutowsky, D. W. McCall, and C. P. Slichter “Coupling among Nuclear Magnetic Dipoles in Molecules,” Physical Review, 1951, 84, 589-590. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
2015 Smalley H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O'Brien, R. F. Curl, and R. E. Smalley “C60: Buckminsterfullerene,” Nature 1985, 318, 162-163. Rice University
2013 Soddy F. Soddy “Intra-atomic Charge,”
Nature, 1913 (4 December), 92, 399-400.
University of Glasgow
2013 Stahl M. Messelson and F. W. Stahl “The Replication of DNA in Escherichia Coli,”
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1958, 44, 671-682.
California Institute of Technology
2009 Staudinger H. Staudinger “Ketene, eine neue Körperklasse,”
Chem. Ber. 1905, 38, 1735-1739.
Université de Strasbourg
2010 Sumner J. B. Sumner “The Isolation and Crystallization of the Enzyme Urease,”
J. Biol. Chem. 1926, 69, 435 - 441.
Cornell University
2009 Torry E. M. Purcell, H. C. Torry,
and R. V. Pound
“Resonance Absorption by Nuclear Magnetic Moments in a Solid,”
Phys. Rev. 1946, 69, 37-38.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University
2010 Tswett M. Tswett “Adsorptionsanalyse und chromatographische Methode.
Anwendung auf die Chemie des Chlorophylls,”
Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Gesell. 1906, 24, 384 - 393.
Warsaw University
2007 Urey H. C. Urey, F. G. Brickwedde, and G. M. Murphy “A Hydrogen Isotope of Mass 2,”
Phys. Rev.
1932, 39, 164-165.
Columbia University and National Bureau of Standards
2014 van der Waals J. D. van der Waals “DE CONTINUITEIT VAN DEN GAS-EN VLOEISTOFTOESTAND,”
Ph.D. thesis, University of Leiden, 1873.
University of Leiden
2012 van't Hoff J. H. van't Hoff “LES FORMULES DE STRUCTURE. DANS L'ESPACE,”
Archives neerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles, 1874, 9, 445 - 454.
University of Utrecht
2007 Vaughn J. D. Roberts, H. E. Simmons, Jr., L. A. Carlsmith,
and C. W. Vaughn
“Rearrangement in the Reaction of Chlorobenzene-1-C14
with Potassium Amide,”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1953, 75, 3290-3291.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2006 Vennesland H. F. Fisher, E. C. Conn, B. Vennesland,
and F. H. Westheimer
“The Enzymatic Transfer of Hydrogen.
I. The Reaction Catalyzed by Alcohol Dehydrogenase”
J. Biol. Chem. 1953, 202, 687-697.
The University of Chicago
2010 Walden P. Walden “Ueber die gegenseitige Umwandlung optischer Antipoden,”
Ber. Deutsch. Chem. Gesell. 1896, 29, 133 - 138.
Riga Technical University, Latvia
2007 Watson J. D. Watson and F. H.Crick “Molecular Structure Of Nucleic Acids,
A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid,”
Nature, 1953, 171, 737-738.
Medical Research Council, Cambridge
2016 Weinhouse E. C. Anderson, W. F. Libby, S. Weinhouse, A. F. Reid, A. D. Kirshenbaum, and A. Grosse “Radiocarbon from Cosmic Radiation,” Science 1947, 105, 576-577. The University of Chicago
2007 Werner A. Werner Neuere Anschauungen auf dem Gebiete der Anorganischen Chemie
Vieweg, Braunschweig, 1905.
University of Zurich
2006 Westheimer H. F. Fisher, E. C. Conn, B. Vennesland,
and F. H. Westheimer
“The Enzymatic Transfer of Hydrogen.
I. The Reaction Catalyzed by Alcohol Dehydrogenase”
J. Biol. Chem. 1953, 202, 687-697.
The University of Chicago
2009 White M. Sela, F. H. White, Jr., and
C. B. Anfinsen
“Reductive Cleavage of Disulfide Bridges in Ribonuclease,”
Science 1957, 125, 691-692.
National Institutes of Health
2008 Wilkinson J. A. Osborn, F. M. Jardine, J. F. Young
and G. Wilkinson
“The preparation and properties of
tris(triphenylphosphine)halogeno-rhodium(I) and some
reactions thereof including catalytic homogeneous
hydrogenation of olefins and acetylenes and their derivatives”
J. Chem. Soc. (A) 1966, 1711-1732.
Imperial College London
2006 Woodward R. B. Woodward and R. Hoffmann “Stereochemistry of Electrocyclic Reactions”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1965, 87, 395-397.
Harvard University
2008 Young J. A. Osborn, F. M. Jardine, J. F. Young
and G. Wilkinson
“The preparation and properties of
tris(triphenylphosphine)halogeno-rhodium(I) and some
reactions thereof including catalytic homogeneous
hydrogenation of olefins and acetylenes and their derivatives”
J. Chem. Soc. (A) 1966, 1711-1732.
Imperial College London